Did you know?? According to the american heart association, more than 80,700,000 people in the united states of america have cardiovascular disease (CVD). 73 million have high blood pressure, 16 million coronary heart diseases, 8 million acute heart attacks, 9.1 million chest pain, 5.8 million strokes, 5.3 million heart failures.
1 out of every 3 dies due to CVD! another leading cause of death is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a deficient lung condition, often attributed to smoking. COPD is on the rise in the united states, according to council for quality respiratory care. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lifethreatening lung disease that causes breathlessness (initially with exertion) and predisposes to exacerbations and serious illness.
The Global Burden of Disease Study reports a prevalence of 251 million cases of COPD globally in 2016.
Globally, it is estimated that 3.17 million deaths were caused by the disease in 2015 (that is, 5% of all deaths globally in that year).
More than 90% of COPD deaths occur in low and middleincome countries.
The primary cause of COPD is exposure to tobacco smoke (either active smoking or secondhand smoke).
Other risk factors include exposure to indoor and outdoor air pollution and occupational dusts and fumes.
Exposure to indoor air pollution can affect the unborn child and represent a risk factor for developing COPD later in life.
Some cases of COPD are due to long-term asthma.
COPD is likely to increase in coming years due to higher smoking prevalence and aging populations in many countries.
Many cases of COPD are preventable by avoidance or early cessation of smoking. Hence, it is important that countries adopt the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO-FCTC) and implement the MPOWER package of measures so that non-smoking becomes the norm globally.
COPD is not curable, but treatment can relieve symptoms, improve quality of life and reduce the risk of death.